Difference Between Ascites and Edema

Both ascites and edema involve swelling and underlying weather. Specifically, ascites is fluid buildup in the abdomen while edema is simply the medical term for swelling Their distinctions are discussed below.


What is Ascites?

Ascites is fluid buildup in the abdomen; it came from the word “askos” (Greek for sac or handbag). It occurs betwixt the ii membrane layers which line the abdominal cavity. Ascites’ symptoms include bloating, intestinal swelling, vomiting, urinary urgency, increase of weight, feeling heavy, feeling full, lower leg swelling, dorsum pain, and abdominal pain (Johns Hopkins, 2021).  Ascites is a symptom of some other status such as liver disease, cancer, and middle failure. Other typical causes include diseases involving the kidneys, lungs, pancreas, and thyroid (Ingleson, 2017).

The treatments include diuretics, removing excess fluid past inserting a needle into the belly, decreasing common salt intake, and lessening fluid intake. If the aforementioned options fail to save ascites, surgery (i.e., portosystemic shunting, peritoneovenous shunting, or liver transplantation) may be considered (Nazario, 2020).


What is Edema?

Edema came from the Greek word “oidein” which means “to swell”. It is the swelling and puffiness in the different parts of the body, usually in the skin. Hence, information technology is simply the medical term for swelling. It occurs when too much fluid is trapped in the tissues, oftentimes in the hands, arms, legs, ankles, and anxiety. It may also bear upon the encephalon, eyes, lungs, muscles, and bowel. Edema is a common condition specially for pregnant and older people; however, it tin also signal a serious condition. It generally starts slowly just it can also have a sudden onset (Brazier, 2021).

Edema has many causes such as varicose veins, too much common salt intake, prolonged sitting or standing, and side effects of medications (i.e., those prescribed for diabetes, high blood pressure level, inflammation, and pain). It is also ofttimes a symptom of a sure disease such equally kidney illness, center failure, liver problems, thyroid disorders, infections, allergies, and blood clots (Heitz, 2019).

The symptoms of edema depend on the affected area, the amount of swelling, and the crusade.  For instance, an allergic reaction due to a bee sting on the leg may cause swelling on the entire leg, pain, and limping. In comparison, allergic reactions to medicine and nutrient may crusade swelling in the tongue or throat which may inhibit breathing.  As for the leg edema due to centre disease, the swelling may lead to an added 10 or twenty pounds which can disrupt blood flow and cause skin ulcers. People with pulmonary edema experience shortness of breath and low oxygen levels.  Thus, the treatment involves treating the underlying cause. For example, allergy medications may be taken to relieve the swelling from allergies, blood thinners may exist prescribed to treat claret clot in the leg which led to edema, diuretics may treat leg edema due to liver affliction or congestive center failure, and limiting sodium intake may also help (Hoffman, 2020).

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Difference between Ascites and Edema

Definition

Ascites is fluid buildup in the abdomen while edema is the swelling and puffiness in the different parts of the body; it is simply the medical term for swelling.

Etymology

Ascites came from the Greek give-and-take “askos” which translates to “sac” or “bag”. On the other manus, edema came from the Greek word “oidein” which means “to dandy”.

Symptoms

Ascites’ symptoms include bloating, abdominal swelling, vomiting, urinary urgency, increase of weight, feeling heavy, feeling total, lower leg swelling, back hurting, and abdominal pain (Johns Hopkins, 2021).  Regarding edema, the symptoms depend on the afflicted area, the corporeality of swelling, and the cause.  For instance, an allergic reaction due to a bee sting on the leg may cause swelling on the entire leg, pain, and limping. In comparison, allergic reactions to medicine and food may cause swelling in the tongue or throat which may inhibit animate.  As for the leg edema due to centre disease, the swelling may pb to an added 10 or 20 pounds which tin can disrupt blood flow and cause pare ulcers. People with pulmonary edema experience shortness of breath and low oxygen levels.

Causes

Ascites is a symptom of another condition such as liver illness, cancer, and center failure. Other typical causes include diseases involving the kidneys, lungs, pancreas, and thyroid (Ingleson, 2017). In comparison, edema has many causes such as varicose veins, too much salt intake, prolonged sitting or standing, and side furnishings of medications (i.east., those prescribed for diabetes, high claret force per unit area, inflammation, and hurting). It is also often a symptom of sure illnesses such as kidney affliction, eye failure, liver problems, thyroid disorders, infections, allergies, and blood clots (Heitz, 2019).

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Handling

The treatments for ascites include diuretics, removing backlog fluid past inserting a needle into the abdomen, decreasing salt intake, and lessening fluid intake. If the aforementioned options neglect to relieve ascites, surgery (i.e., portosystemic shunting, peritoneovenous shunting, or liver transplantation) may be considered (Nazario, 2020).   As for edema, the treatment involves treating the underlying cause. For example, allergy medications may be taken to save the swelling from allergies, blood thinners may exist prescribed to care for blood clot in the leg which led to edema, diuretics may care for leg edema due to liver disease or congestive heart failure, and limiting sodium intake may too help (Hoffman, 2020).

Ascites vs Edema


Frequently Asked Questions:

Does ascites cause edema?

Yeah, since the symptoms of ascites include abdominal and leg swelling.

Is ascites hard or soft?

Generally hard; ascites results in a big, protruding, difficult abdomen (Cunha, 2020).

Does ascites crusade edema in legs?

Yes, since the symptoms of ascites include leg swelling.

How long tin can you live with ascites?

The outlook more often than not depends on the severity and underlying cause. Unremarkably, cancerous ascites has a poor prognosis (i.e., mean survival time betwixt five to 15 months). Ascites due to avant-garde liver illness generally has a fair prognosis while ascites due to heart failure has a better prognosis since patients may live years with advisable treatments (Nabili, 2021).

Volition drinking more than h2o assist with edema?

Regarding swollen anxiety, getting enough fluids may assistance reduce swelling. This may sound counterintuitive; even so, when the body is dehydrated, it actually holds on to the fluid it has (Herndon, 2019). It is less likely for a well-hydrated body to retain fluid.

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What is the best diuretic for edema?

According to Drugs.com, the drug names with the most reviews in treating edema are furosemide (6.8 rating over 10) and Lasix (6.four rating over 10). Also, co-ordinate to GoodPx, the almost pop edema drug is prednisone (2021).

Summary

  • Ascites is fluid buildup in the abdomen while edema is the swelling and puffiness in the different parts of the body; it is simply the medical term for swelling.
  • Ascites’ symptoms include bloating, abdominal swelling, airsickness, urinary urgency, increase of weight, feeling heavy, feeling total, lower leg swelling, dorsum pain, and abdominal hurting (Johns Hopkins, 2021).
  • Edema’s symptoms depend on the affected area, the amount of swelling, and the cause.
  • The treatments for ascites include diuretics, removing excess fluid past inserting a needle into the abdomen, decreasing salt intake, lessening fluid intake, and surgery. As for edema, the treatment involves treating the underlying cause.
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