Difference Between Mindfulness and Transcendental Meditation

Both mindfulness and transcendental meditation involve deeper awareness, breathing, and concentration. They accept also been studied to improve psychological and physical wellbeing. Particularly, mindfulness is a state of moment-to-moment sensation of your experience without judgment while transcendental meditation transcends the ordinary thinking process and aims to reach stability, residue, and perfect absence of mental boundaries. The following discussions further delve into their differences.


What is Mindfulness?

Mindfulness is a state of moment-to-moment awareness of your experience without judgment. It can be promoted by several activities such equally yoga and tai-chi just most of the literature focus on mindfulness meditation which consists of cocky-regulated practices that aim to railroad train attention and sensation. Mindfulness meditation seeks to cultivate general mental well-being and develop tranquility, clarity, concentration, and like capacities. The empirically supported benefits of mindfulness include reducing rumination, stress reduction, and improving memory, focus, calmness, cognitive flexibility, and relationship satisfaction (American Psychological Association, 2021).

Regarding its origin, mindfulness has been practiced for thousands of years; commentators argue that its history should not merely be limited to Buddhism and Hinduism since it also can be traced back to Islam, Judaism, and Christianity. Near Western mindfulness practitioners learned from the Buddhist and Hindu tradition. 1 of the biggest influences was Jon Kabat-Zinn who developed the Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction program and founded the Oasis Institute for Mindfulness-Based Professional Education and Preparation Center for Mindfulness and the Center for Mindfulness in 1979 at the University of Massachusetts Medical School (Selva, 2021).

According to Kabat-Zinn, the seven pillars of mindfulness are (Villanueva, 2014):

  • Trust

It is better to trust our own intuition, experience, and feelings. This way, we are taking responsibility for ourselves, learning to listen to our own being, and become more than fully ourselves.

  • Non-judging

Having a not-judging addiction helps in finding peace inside us. Mindfulness teaches practitioners to recognize when they are judging and to presume impartiality and but notice what arises.

  • Non-striving

The goal of mindfulness meditation is simply to be ourselves since we encompass our moment-to-moment experiences. There is no pressure to practise anything with it.

  • Letting Go

Trying our best to exist free of attachment helps usa to be more connected with the present. Mindfulness is also instrumental in learning more about what we are property on to.

  • Acceptance

Having the attitude of acceptance welcomes positive changes and paves fashion for clarity. If we come across things as they are, nosotros can ameliorate realize what to do in our current state of affairs.

  • Beginner’south Listen

To exist able to see things equally if seeing them for the first time helps us appreciate the fullness of our existence. This kind of attitude is fundamental in being trapped in the rut of our past experiences and expectations.

  • Patience
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Existence able to wait and empathise that we cannot dictate when certain processes or results volition happen leads to a richer wisdom regarding our experiences.

1 of the guides in practicing mindfulness meditation specify the following steps (Roy, 2021):

  1. Inhale deeply and relax as you exhale
  2. Let go of all your worries
  3. Be enlightened of your breathing
  4. Slowly count your breaths then repeat
  5. Be deeply immersed in your breathing process
  6. Guide back your wandering thoughts
  7. Keep settling deeper into a peaceful awareness

What is Transcendental Meditation?

Transcendental Meditation or TM seeks to promote a state of relaxed awareness, avoid distracting thoughts, and accomplish pure consciousness. The meditator transcends the ordinary thinking procedure and experiences stability, rest, and perfect absence of mental boundaries (Ansorge, 2020). In this technique, practitioners mentally repeat a mantra (special Sanskrit discussion or phrase) which seeks to achieve bodily calm and inner peace (Melton, 2020). The benefits of TM include reducing feet, stress, blood pressure level, depression, attention-deficit disorder symptoms, and life dissatisfaction (Scott, 2020).

TM was taught by Swami Brahmananda Saraswati (also known every bit Guru Dev), a Hindu monk. In the 1950s, this kind of meditation was internationally promoted past  the Maharishi Mahesh Yogi who was one of Saraswati’due south disciples and coined the term “Transcendental Meditation”. The exercise of TM became increasingly popular when the Beatles and other celebrities joined the Maharishi’south following (Melton, 2021).

TM’s basic practice involves getting into a comfy position while relaxedly animate from the diaphragm. The meditator practices his ability to discover his thoughts without entertaining them and so silently repeats a mantra while focusing on arising sensations. Information technology is recommended for information technology to exist practiced xv to twenty minutes two times a twenty-four hours (Scott, 2020).

Difference between Mindfulness and Transcendental Meditation

Definition

Mindfulness is a state of moment-to-moment sensation of your experience without judgment. It can be promoted by several activities such as yoga and tai-chi but most of the literature focus on mindfulness meditation which consists of cocky-regulated practices that aim to train attending and awareness. Mindfulness meditation seeks to cultivate full general mental well-beingness and develop serenity, clarity, concentration, and like capacities (American Psychological Association, 2021). In comparison, transcendental meditation or TM seeks to promote a state of relaxed sensation, avoid distracting thoughts, and achieve pure consciousness. The meditator transcends the ordinary thinking process and experiences stability, residue, and perfect absence of mental boundaries (Ansorge, 2020).

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History

Regarding its origin, mindfulness has been practiced for thousands of years; commentators debate that its history should not only be limited to Buddhism and Hinduism since information technology also can be traced back to Islam, Judaism, and Christianity. Nearly Western mindfulness practitioners learned from the Buddhist and Hindu tradition. One of the biggest influences was Jon Kabat-Zinn who developed the Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction plan and founded the Oasis Institute for Mindfulness-Based Professional Pedagogy and Training Center for Mindfulness and the Center for Mindfulness at the University of Massachusetts Medical Schoolhouse in 1979 (Selva, 2021). As for TM, it was taught by Swami Brahmananda Saraswati (also known equally Guru Dev), a Hindu monk. In the 1950s, this kind of meditation was internationally promoted by  the Maharishi Mahesh Yogi who was i of Saraswati’s disciples and coined the term “Transcendental Meditation” (Melton, 2021).

Basic Do

One of the guides in practicing mindfulness meditation specify the post-obit steps (Roy, 2021): inhale deeply and relax equally you breathe, let go of all your worries, exist aware of your animate, slowly count your breaths then repeat, be securely immersed in your animate process, guide dorsum wandering thoughts, and keep settling deeper into a peaceful sensation. On the other hand, TM’s basic practice involves getting into a comfortable position while relaxedly breathing from the diaphragm. The meditator practices his power to notice his thoughts without entertaining them and and so silently repeats a mantra while focusing on arising sensations. It is recommended for it to be practiced 15 to 20 minutes two times a day (Scott, 2020).

Mindfulness vs Transcendental Meditation


Frequently Asked Questions:

Can y’all do TM and mindfulness?

In that location are differing opinions; some say it’southward better to focus on only i technique; withal, co-ordinate to “The Meditation Trust”, mindfulness is one of the effects of TM and many individuals want to acquire TM after having learned mindfulness to deepen their do. Also, it is recommended to be eclectic; picking and choosing different elements to create a exercise that works for you (Schultz, 2020).

Is TM meliorate than other forms of meditation?

The reply varies. Some of the identified advantages as compared to other meditations include deeper physiological rest and an overall positive impact on both heed and torso. I opined that y’all are doing the right thing equally long as you are improving on working your health (Astorino, 2019).

Is Zen meditation the same as mindfulness?

Though they both focus on the presence of mind; however, mindfulness focuses on a particular object while Zen meditation involves general awareness (Morin, 2021).

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What is a TM mantra?

In this technique, practitioners mentally repeat a mantra (special Sanskrit word or phrase) which seeks to attain bodily calm and inner peace (Melton, 2020).

Does TM aid with anxiety?

Yep, some studies have establish that regular practice of TM can help reduce anxiety (Ansorge, 2020).

Why is TM then expensive?

TM is taught in a standardized vii-step form in person past a certified teacher, you cannot simply learn it from a volume or a video. Information technology is said to be secretive since information technology is a tradition to keep your mantra a secrete and that information technology becomes a very intimate part of daily practice (Runyon, 2021).

What are examples of TM mantras?

  • Em
  • Ema
  • Hirim
  • Ainga
  • Shama

What are some good mantras?

  • Om : Regarding ease, this is the most pop. It is believed that is the sound that the universe emits.
  • Ram and Shiriram: Men recite ram while women recite shiriram; these sounds are meant to refresh minds and enhance productivity.
  • There is a list of mantra for dissimilar historic period groups. For case, ieng (eighteen-19), iem (20-21), ienga (22-23), etc.

Summary

  • Mindfulness is a country of moment-to-moment awareness of your experience without judgment. In comparison, transcendental meditation or TM seeks to promote a state of relaxed sensation, avoid distracting thoughts, and accomplish pure consciousness.
  • Regarding mindfulness, one of the biggest influences was Jon Kabat-Zinn while TM was internationally promoted by the Maharishi Mahesh Yogi.
  • Practicing mindfulness meditation involves beingness deeply immersed in your animate process and settling deeper into a peaceful awareness.
  • TM’south bones practice involves noticing your thoughts without entertaining them then silently repeating a mantra while focusing on arising sensations.
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