Difference Between Pericarditis and Myocardial Infarction

Both pericarditis and myocardial infarction involve chest pain, palpitations, and shortness of breath. Pericarditis is the inflammation of the pericardium while myocardial infarction occurs when 1 or more areas of the eye musculus do not have enough oxygen due to blocked blood flow to the heart musculus. The post-obit discussions farther delve into their differences.


What is Pericarditis?

Pericarditis (“peri-” for “surrounding”; “kardia” for “heart”; “-itis” for “inflammation”) is the inflammation of whatever of the layers of the sparse tissue sac (the pericardium) surrounding the center (Beckerman, 2020).

Symptoms:

The symptoms include sharp breast hurting (middle or left side), middle palpitations, shortness of jiff, fatigue, abdominal swelling, leg swelling, nausea, and low fever (Health Direct, 2021).

Causes:

The causes of pericarditis include viral infection (the almost common), autoimmune disorders (specially for recurring pericarditis), myocardial infarction, cancer, acquired immune deficiency syndrome, kidney failure, and drug (i.east., warfarin and heparin) side effects (American Centre Clan, 2022)

Treatment:

A number of patients with pericarditis recover in around two to four weeks (Beckerman, 2020).      The treatments for pericarditis include taking antibiotics, taking non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), refraining from engaging in strenuous activities, and undergoing surgery (American Heart Association, 2022).


What is Myocardial Infarction?

Myocardial infarction (“myo” means musculus; “cardial” pertains to the heart; “infarction” means tissue death due to lack of blood supply) is as well known equally center assail; it occurs when 1 or more areas of the centre muscle do not accept plenty oxygen due to blocked blood flow (Johns Hopkins Medicine, 2022).

Symptoms:

The symptoms for myocardial infarction include the following (Beckerman, 2020):

  • discomfort (i.due east., pressure, squeezing, or heaviness) or pain in the chest, arm, or below the breastbone
  • discomfort which goes into the jaw, throat, arm, or back
  • a feeling of fullness, choking, or indigestion
  • upset breadbasket, airsickness, dizziness, or sweating
  • fatigue, shortness of breath, or anxiety
  • palpitations or uneven heartbeat

Some people (more common in those who have diabetes) experience silent heart attacks, they do not discover any symptoms.

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Causes/ Risk Factors

The blocked blood menstruum is due to the buildup of plaque (fabricated up of cholesterol, deposits, and other substances) in the arteries. The bodily cause of myocardial infarction is the blood clot which is speedily formed when a plaque breaks. Irreversible impairment begins inside xxx minutes of blocked oxygen and blood supply to the heart.

Regarding genetic factors, those who are at risk include those who have inherited high blood pressure, low levels of HDL cholesterol, loftier levels of LDL cholesterol, or high levels of triglycerides; likewise, those with a family history of heart disease, people with type ane diabetes, and the elderly. Every bit for those with caused adventure factors, the groups that are almost at risk are those with acquired hypertension, people who acquired low levels of HDL cholesterol, high levels of LDL cholesterol, or high levels of triglycerides, smokers, those who consume also much alcohol, individuals with sedentary lifestyles, and people with type 2 diabetes (Johns Hopkins Medicine, 2022).

Treatment:

Since myocardial infarction is a medical emergency, the treatment starts in the ambulance or in the emergency room. Medications such as aspirin and other antiplatelets and anticoagulants are given to limit heart impairment. Procedures to open the blocked arteries include cardiac catheterization, balloon angioplasty, and stent replacement. After the critical phase, various drugs are given such every bit beta-blockers, nitrates, blood thinners, ACE inhibitors, and statins. A patient may have featherbed surgery to restore blood supply to the heart. For some patients, they are fitted with pacemakers to help go along a steady eye rhythm (Beckerman, 2020).

Divergence between Pericarditis and Myocardial Infarction

Definition

Pericarditis is the inflammation of any of the layers of the thin tissue sac (the pericardium) surrounding the center (Beckerman, 2020). In comparison, myocardial infarction or heart attack occurs when one or more than areas of the eye muscle do not accept enough oxygen due to blocked claret flow (Johns Hopkins Medicine, 2022).

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Symptoms

The symptoms of pericarditis include precipitous chest pain (center or left side), heart palpitations, shortness of breath, fatigue, abdominal swelling, leg swelling, nausea, and low fever (Health Direct, 2021). As for myocardial infarction, the symptoms include discomfort or pain in the chest, arm, back, or beneath the breastbone; a feeling of fullness, choking, or indigestion; upset stomach, vomiting, dizziness, or sweating; fatigue, shortness of jiff, or anxiety; and palpitations or uneven heartbeat. However, some people take “silent middle attacks” and do non notice symptoms (Beckerman, 2020).

Causes

The causes of pericarditis include viral infection (the most common), autoimmune disorders (specially for recurring pericarditis), myocardial infarction, cancer, acquired immune deficiency syndrome, kidney failure, and drug side effects (American Heart Association, 2022). Every bit for myocardial infarction, the blocked blood period is due to the buildup of plaque (fabricated up of cholesterol, deposits, and other substances) in the arteries. The bodily cause of myocardial infarction is the blood clot which is quickly formed when a plaque breaks (Johns Hopkins Medicine, 2022).

Treatment

The treatments for pericarditis include taking antibiotics, taking non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), refraining from engaging in strenuous activities, and undergoing surgery (American Heart Association, 2021). In comparison, the treatments for myocardial infarction include medications (i.due east., antiplatelets, anticoagulants, beta-blockers), procedures to open the blocked arteries (i.e, cardiac catheterization, balloon angioplasty, and stent replacement), featherbed surgery, and beingness fitted with a pacemaker (Beckerman, 2020).

Pericarditis vs Myocardial Infarction


Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs):

Tin pericarditis crusade myocardial infarction?

Myocardial infarction can cause pericarditis; the inflammation of the pericardium may occur days, weeks, or months afterwards a middle attack (Bennington-Castro, 2020).

Which is worse pericarditis or myocarditis?

Myocarditis is associated with more long-term after-effects than pericarditis. The nearly serious effects are dilated cardiomyopathy and heart failure (Sharif & Dehghani, 2013).

Is pericarditis a centre assault?

Though a common symptom of pericarditis is breast pain, it is not a centre attack. The breast pain may be due to the inflamed pericardium’southward rubbing against the eye (American Heart Association, 2022).

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What tin can pericarditis be mistaken for?

Pericarditis may be mistaken for a heart attack due to the breast hurting. If you feel chest pain, information technology is best to call 911 considering you may be having a heart assail (American Heart Association, 2022).

Summary

  • Pericarditis is the inflammation of whatever of the layers of the thin tissue sac (the pericardium) surrounding the eye.
  • Myocardial infarction or eye attack occurs when i or more areas of the heart muscle practice not have plenty oxygen due to blocked blood menses to the middle musculus.
  • The symptoms of pericarditis include sharp chest pain, heart palpitations, shortness of jiff, fatigue, intestinal and leg swelling, nausea, and low fever.
  • The symptoms for myocardial infarction include discomfort or hurting in the chest, arm, back, or below the breastbone; a feeling of fullness, choking, or indigestion; upset stomach, vomiting, dizziness, or sweating; fatigue, shortness of jiff, or anxiety; and palpitations.
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