Difference Between MapReduce and Spark

Apache Spark is ane of the most active open-source projects in the Hadoop ecosystem and one of the hottest technologies in big information analysis today. Both MapReduce and Spark are open up source frameworks for big data processing. However, Spark is known for in-retentiveness processing and is ideal for instances where data fits in the memory, peculiarly on defended clusters. We compare the ii leading software frameworks to help yous decide which i’due south right for you.

What is Hadoop MapReduce?

MapReduce is a programming model within the Hadoop framework for distributed computing based on Java. It is used to access big data in the Hadoop File System (HDFS). It is a mode of structuring your ciphering that allows it to easily be run on lots of machines. It enables massive scalability across hundreds or thousands of servers in a Hadoop cluster. It allows writing distributed, scalable jobs with footling effort. It serves two essential functions: it filters and distributes work to diverse nodes within the cluster or map. It is used for big scale information analysis using multiple machines in the cluster. A MapReduce framework is typically a iii-step process: Map, Shuffle and Reduce.

What is Apache Spark?

Spark is an open up source, super fast big data framework widely considered the successor to the MapReduce framework for processing big data. Spark is a Hadoop enhancement to MapReduce used for big information workloads. For an organization that has massive amounts of data to analyze, Spark offers a fast and easy way to analyze that data across an unabridged cluster of computers. Information technology is a multi-language unified analytics engine for big data and machine learning. Its unified programming model makes information technology the best choice for developers building data-rich analytic applications. It started in 2009 as a enquiry project at UC Berkley’s AMPLab, a collaborative effort involving students, researchers and kinesthesia.

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Divergence between MapReduce and Spark

Data Processing

– Hadoop processes data in batches and MapReduce operates in sequential steps by reading data from the cluster and performing its operations on the data. The results are and so written back to the cluster. It is an effective style of processing large, static datasets. Spark, on the other paw, is a general purpose distributed information processing engine that processes information in parallel beyond a cluster. It performs real-time and graph processing of data.


– Hadoop MapReduce is relatively slower every bit it performs operations on the disk and it cannot deliver nigh real-time analytics from the data. Spark, on the other mitt, is designed in such a way that it transforms data in-memory and non in deejay I/O, which in turns reduces the processing time. Spark is really 100 times faster in-memory and ten times faster on disk. Unlike MapReduce, information technology can bargain with real-fourth dimension processing.


– Hadoop runs at a lower toll as information technology is open up-source software and it requires more than retentivity on disk which is relatively an inexpensive commodity. Spark requires more than RAM which means setting upwardly Spark clusters can be more expensive. Moreover, Spark is relatively new, and then experts in Spark are rare finds and more costly.

Fault Tolerance

– MapReduce is strictly deejay-based means it uses persistent storage. While both provide some level of handling failures, the error tolerance of Spark is based mainly upon its RDD (Resilient Distributed Datasets) operations. RDD is the building block of Apache Spark. Hadoop is naturally mistake tolerant because it’southward designed to replicate data across several nodes.

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Ease of Use

 – MapReduce does not have an interactive mode and is quite circuitous. It needs to handle low level APIs to process the data, which requires lots of coding, and coding requires knowledge of the data structures involved. Spark is engineered from the lesser up for operation and ease of apply, which comes from its full general programming model. Also, the parallel programs look very much like sequential programs, making them easier to develop.

MapReduce vs. Spark: Comparison Chart


The main difference between the two frameworks is that MapReduce processes information on deejay whereas Spark processes and retains data in retentivity for subsequent steps. Every bit a result, Spark is 100 times faster in-retention and 10 times faster on disk than MapReduce. Hadoop uses the MapReduce to process information, while Spark uses resilient distributed datasets (RDDs). Spark is a Hadoop enhancement of MapReduce for processing big information. While MapReduce is nevertheless used for large scale data assay, Spark has become the go-to processing framework in Hadoop environments.

Why Spark is faster than MapReduce?

Spark processes and retains information in memory for subsequent steps, which makes it 100 times faster for data in RAM and up to ten times faster for data in storage. Its RDDs enable multiple map operations in memory, while MapReduce has to write interim results onto a disk.

What are the differences between Spark and MapReduce name at to the lowest degree two points?

First, MapReduce cannot evangelize virtually existent-fourth dimension analytics from the data, while Spark tin deal with existent fourth dimension processing of data. And second, MapReduce operates in sequential steps whereas Spark processes information in parallel across a cluster.

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Is Spark more than avant-garde than MapReduce?

Spark is widely considered the successor to the MapReduce framework for processing big data. In fact, Spark is one of the most active open-source projects in the Hadoop ecosystem and i of the hottest technologies in large information analysis today.

Does Spark need MapReduce?

Spark does non use or need MapReduce, but only the idea of it and non the exact implementation.

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