Difference Between Pericarditis and STEMI

Both pericarditis and ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) involve chest hurting, palpitations, and shortness of breath. Pericarditis is the inflammation of the pericardium while STEMI is a very unsafe type of eye attack where a major artery is completely blocked. The following discussions farther delve into their differences.


What is Pericarditis?

Pericarditis came from the Greek prefix “peri-” which means “surrounding”; from the Greek discussion “kardia” meaning “middle”; and the Latin suffix “-itis” denoting “inflammation”.  Information technology is also known as pericardial disease and it occurs when in that location is inflammation of whatsoever of the layers of the thin fluid-filled sac surrounding the heart, the pericardium (Beckerman, 2020).

Symptoms:

Nigh of the patients with pericarditis experience sharp, piercing pain in the left side or center of the breast. The other symptoms include low fever, heart palpitations, nausea, fatigue, shortness of breath, dry cough, and swelling of the legs or abdomen (Health Direct, 2021).

Causes:

Viral infection (i.east., respiratory infection) is one of the common reasons of pericarditis. Recurring pericarditis may exist due to autoimmune disorders such as lupus, scleroderma, and rheumatoid arthritis. Other causes may include cancer, heart surgery, middle set on, kidney failure, AIDS, and side effects of medications such as phenytoin and warfarin (American Heart Association, 2021).

Treatment:

A number of patients with pericarditis recover in effectually two to four weeks (Beckerman, 2020).      The treatments include fugitive strenuous activities, antibiotics, NSAIDs, hurting relievers, anti-inflammatory medications, and surgery (American Heart Clan, 2021).


What is STEMI?

STEMI, likewise known as “widowmaker heart attack”, is a very dangerous type of centre attack where a major avenue is completely blocked; it is usually associated with coronary artery disease (Akbar, et al., 2021).  The ST segment pertains to the flat department of an electrocardiogram (Fogoros, 2021).

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Signs and Symptoms

The signs and symptoms for STEMI include chest pain or discomfort, dizziness, nausea, shortness of breath, sweatiness, palpitations, and anxiety (ECG Medical Training, 2022).

Causes/ Run a risk Factors

The causes of STEMI include buildup of plaque on artery walls, drug use (i.e., cocaine and alcohol), smoking, high levels of cholesterol and/or blood pressure, obesity, diabetes, overexertion, and stress. The risk factors include historic period (men over 50 years old with a family history of centre affliction and women after menopause ends), and untreated infections such as syphilis and salmonella (Baptist Health, 2022).

Treatment

The treatment for STEMI must be started as shortly equally possible. Drugs such equally beta-blockers and statin are administered to stabilize the heart muscle and efforts are washed to reopen the blocked artery. It is crucial for the artery to be opened inside 3 hours of the blockage to prevent permanent impairment. The longer it takes for the artery to be unblocked, the more damage there will likely be.   The approaches utilized in reopening arterial obstacle are thrombolytic therapy (involves clot-busting medications), angioplasty (surgical reopening of artery), and stenting (insertion of a mesh tube). The astute phase of treatment is followed by an extensive recovery menstruum which involves dietary changes, exercise programme, and medications for lipid control and anticoagulation (Fogoros, 2021).

Departure betwixt Pericarditis and Pericardial Effusion

Definition

Pericarditis occurs when there is inflammation of any of the layers of the thin fluid-filled sac surrounding the heart, the pericardium (Beckerman, 2020). In comparison, STEMI, also known as “widowmaker centre set on”, is a very dangerous type of middle attack where a major artery is completely blocked; it is usually associated with coronary artery disease (Akbar, et al., 2021).

Symptoms

Near of the patients with pericarditis experience sharp, piercing pain in the left side or center of the chest. The other symptoms include low fever, center palpitations, nausea, fatigue, shortness of breath, dry cough, and swelling of the legs or abdomen (Health Direct, 2021). As for STEMI, the signs and symptoms include chest pain or discomfort, dizziness, nausea, shortness of breath, sweatiness, palpitations, and anxiety (ECG Medical Grooming, 2022).

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Causes

Viral infection (i.east., respiratory infection) is one of the common reasons of pericarditis. Recurring pericarditis may exist due to autoimmune disorders such as lupus, scleroderma, and rheumatoid arthritis. Other causes may include cancer, eye surgery, heart assail, kidney failure, AIDS, and side furnishings of medications such as phenytoin and warfarin (American Center Association, 2021). On the other hand, the causes of STEMI include buildup of plaque on artery walls, drug apply (i.east., cocaine and alcohol), smoking, high levels of cholesterol and/or blood force per unit area, obesity, diabetes, overexertion, and stress (Baptist Health, 2022).

Treatment

The treatments for pericarditis include avoiding strenuous activities, taking antibiotics, NSAIDs, pain relievers, anti-inflammatory medications, and undergoing surgery (American Middle Association, 2021).  Regarding STEMI, the approaches utilized in reopening arterial obstacle are thrombolytic therapy (involves jell-busting medications), angioplasty (surgical reopening of artery), and stenting (insertion of a mesh tube). The acute phase of treatment is followed by an extensive recovery menstruum which involves dietary changes, exercise program, and medications for lipid control and anticoagulation (Fogoros, 2021).

Pericarditis vs STEMI


Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs):

Why does pericarditis cause ST elevation?

It is thought that the local inflammatory change in the epicardium is the source of the ST acme (Teh, et al., 1993).

Does pericarditis have ST elevation?

Pericarditis tin crusade ST elevation (Burns & Buttner, 2021).

How practice you know if you have pericarditis on ECG?

Regarding pericarditis, typical ECG findings include lengthened concave-up ST-segment superlative and, sometimes, PR-segment low (Marinella, 1998).

Are at that place always ECG changes with pericarditis?

The ECG may be normal in the early stages (Wedro, 2021).

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Summary

  • Pericarditis is the inflammation of the pericardium while STEMI is a very unsafe type of heart attack where a major artery is completely blocked.
  • Most of the patients with pericarditis experience sharp, piercing hurting in the left side or centre of the chest.
  • STEMI’s signs and symptoms include breast hurting or discomfort, dizziness, nausea, shortness of jiff, sweatiness, palpitations, and anxiety.
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