Difference Between Pericarditis and Endocarditis

Pericarditis is inflammation of the membranes surrounding the heart muscle. Endocarditis is inflammation of the middle valves and other endothelial tissues of the heart.

What is Pericarditis?


Pericarditis is defined as the medical problem where the membranes surrounding the cardiac tissues are inflamed.

Causes and risk factors:

There are a couple of reasons you lot could develop pericarditis. A heart attack or trauma that damages the heart could outcome in inflammation, or else an infection or having an illness like lupus where the torso is attacking its own tissues. Males are more than at chance than females when information technology comes to developing pericardial inflammation.


Diagnosis tin be made using imaging methods like MRI, X-rays, or CT scans. An ECG tracing and listening for a pericardial rub tin also betoken inflammation of the pericardium.


Symptoms or pericarditis include pain, which is felt as a sharp anguish in the center of the chest and arms. Pain in the chest is also made worse with breathing.


A mutual complication of pericarditis is a buildup of fluid around the middle that can cause a problem chosen cardiac tamponade, which can result in death if not treated. In cardiac tamponade the heart tin can’t expand and contract properly because of the liquid between the membranes of the pericardium.


With mild pericarditis only pain killers, specifically anti-inflammatories are needed. Sometimes people also are given colchicine and corticosteroids. Fluid may demand to exist drawn off the heart if a lot of fluid accumulates.

What is Endocarditis?


Endocarditis is an inflammatory condition that affects the endocardium (inner lining including the valves) of the middle.

Causes and risk factors:

There are many causes of endocarditis including cancer, the autoimmune disease lupus also as infections like TB or pneumonia. Having infections such as TB or other bacterial infections are risk factors for later development of endocarditis. Other risk factors include being over the age of 60, having congenital heart problems, or possessing an implanted cardiac device or bogus valve.

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Blood tests and echocardiograms can be done to help in diagnosing endocarditis.  An echocardiogram can provide an image of the heart showing a problem in the structure and functioning of one or more than middle valves. Blood tests may bear witness a specific bacterial infection.


Non-infective endocarditis may not have any symptoms and is not normally as bad or dangerous as infective endocarditis. Symptoms of endocarditis (for both infective and non-infective) might announced if there are noticeable deposits on the valves that accept increased in size. These deposits are oftentimes called vegetations and tin can cause a problem with claret flow and centre function. Symptoms then include shortness of breath, a center murmur, and on occasion, center palpitations. With infective endocarditis, symptoms likewise include fever and dark sweats.


Patients may throw blood clots considering of the valves malfunctioning, which tin can lead to stroke or heart attack. Where endocarditis is acquired past infection, it may besides result in septic daze and eventually, death.


Anticoagulant medicine helps finish blood clots forming if you take endocarditis. In the instance of infective endocarditis boosted medicine is needed that includes intravenous (IV) antibiotics and fifty-fifty surgery to repair valves. Infective endocarditis is dangerous and can lead to expiry. Patients may demand to remain in the infirmary for treatment and for conscientious monitoring of their condition.

Difference betwixt Pericarditis and Endocarditis


The definition of pericarditis is an inflammatory problem of the pericardium. The definition of endocarditis is an inflammatory condition of the endocardium including the valves.

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Pericarditis is caused by infection,  or sometimes a trauma to the chest, or even illnesses like lupus. Endocarditis is caused by diseases like lupus or by infections (usually bacterial) like TB or


Pain is the main symptom of pericardial inflammation, and this is oftentimes as well felt as hurting in the arms and chest. Endocarditis has either no symptoms or has signs like palpitations, shortness of breath, fever, and nighttime sweats.


Pericarditis can sometimes be treated with painkillers that also help subtract inflammation, as well as by using colchicine or corticosteroid medications. Endocarditis can be treated using Iv antibiotics, simply sometimes surgical intervention is needed if valve deposits are seriously compromising cardiac office.


Pericarditis if untreated, can on the rare occasion, lead to complications similar cardiac tamponade, which tin result in decease. Endocarditis can have complications such as blood clot formation, stroke, eye set on, septic shock, and death.

Table comparing Pericarditis and Endocarditis

Summary of Pericarditis and Endocarditis

  • Pericarditis and endocarditis are both atmospheric condition in which some role of the heart is inflamed.
  • Pericarditis is simply when the outer membrane of the centre is inflamed.
  • Endocarditis is specifically inflammation of the endocardium, including the valves of the heart.


Can pericarditis atomic number 82 to endocarditis?

Pericarditis that is a outcome of lupus can develop further into endocarditis.

What is the difference between pericarditis and myopericarditis?

Pericarditis is simply inflammation of the pericardium while myopericarditis is when both the myocardium (muscle layer) and pericardium of the heart are inflamed.

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What is the most common cause of endocarditis?

Endocarditis is most often due to a bacterial infection that has spread to the heart valves causing impairment to the tissue.

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