Difference Between Pericarditis and Myocarditis

Pericarditis is when the pericardial membrane is inflamed. Myocarditis is when the heart muscle is inflamed.

What is Pericarditis?


Pericarditis is the condition in which the pericardium (membrane surrounding the heart) becomes inflamed.

Causes and take chances factors:

The cause of pericarditis is not always known but it can exist from infection, a heart assail, or from traumatic injury. Lupus and other autoimmune illnesses similar rheumatoid arthritis can atomic number 82 to pericarditis. The condition can sometimes happen equally a complication of cardiac surgery. Pericarditis is most common amidst males aged betwixt sixteen and 65 years.


A doctor can sometimes hear a specific sound chosen a pericardial rub, when using a stethoscope. Unusual readings on an ECG and visualization of the cardiac structures by means of an X-ray assistance with diagnosis. CT scans and MRI may be needed in some cases to diagnose constrictive pericarditis.

Symptoms and complications:

A tight feeling in the chest and pain in the chest. The pain in the breast is oft described as abrupt and behind the breastbone; it may extend to the artillery. These symptoms frequently worsen equally the person breathes deeply or when they are lying apartment. Pericarditis oft leads to an accumulation of fluid effectually the heart. When this builds up as well much information technology can lead to cardiac tamponade, which can crusade death if not treated.


The treatment depends on how severe the illness is. Often, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatories (NSAIDs) are given with corticosteroids and sometimes colchicine. A person may demand to exist in the hospital. If fluid accumulation (pericardial effusion) becomes a problem, then pericardiocentesis may need to exist done to draw off this extra fluid.

What is Myocarditis?


Myocarditis is the condition in which the muscle layer of the heart, the myocardium, becomes inflamed.

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Causes and risk factors:

Information technology is sometimes the case that the cause of myocarditis is not known. It can, all the same, be acquired past viral infections such as Covid-nineteen, coxsackie virus, and influenza. Myocarditis tin can also be caused by other illnesses, including sarcoidosis and TB. People with viral infections, including HIV, are at greater chance of myocarditis every bit are those who use drugs that are toxic.


Diagnosis is done past noting aberrant readings on an ECG and imaging tests like MRI. Certain cardiac markers (heart enzymes) are useful, merely the almost positive diagnosis is by endomyocardial biopsy in which a minor slice of center muscle is taken and examined.

Symptoms and complications:

Symptoms vary depending on how severe the problem is. One common symptom is an irregular or fast heartbeat. Shortness of breath and chest hurting are other symptoms. The dangers of myocarditis are that it can lead to eye failure or sudden death. Complications from myocarditis are ane of the main reasons people crave a heart transplant.


Supportive therapy is used to care for myocarditis and may include medication such every bit beta blockers or angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors. Sometimes ventricular assist devices or heart transplant may be needed.

Difference betwixt Pericarditis and Myocarditis


Pericarditis is an inflammatory condition of the pericardium. Myocarditis is an inflammatory status of the myocardium.


The causes of pericarditis include infection, trauma, or autoimmune affliction. The causes of myocarditis include infection or sarcoidosis.


Pericarditis has symptoms such equally chest pain and tightness. Myocarditis symptoms include irregular heartbeat and breast pain.


Pericarditis handling includes the utilize of NSAIDs, colchicine, and corticosteroids. Myocarditis treatment includes the use of heart medicine like beta-blockers, ventricular assist devices, or heart transplant.

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Complications of pericarditis include pericardial effusion and cardiac tamponade. Complications of myocarditis include sudden death and heart failure.

Table comparing Pericarditis and Myocarditis

Summary of Pericarditis and Myocarditis

  • Pericarditis and myocarditis are both heart conditions in which inflammation is involved.
  • Infection can crusade both myocarditis and pericarditis.
  • Pericarditis is commonly quite mild only tin can worsen.
  • Myocarditis tin can be mild, but information technology tends to be more than dangerous than pericarditis.


Is pericarditis treatable?

Yes, pericarditis can be treated using certain medication and at times the trouble resolves on its own.

Is pericarditis life-threatening?

Although not common, pericarditis that is non treated may cause life-threatening complications such as cardiac tamponade. It likewise can upset the heart rhythm which can be dangerous.

Can you have pericarditis and myocarditis?

Yep, it is possible for the inflammation of the heart musculus, myocardium, to extend into the membrane (pericardium). When this happens doctors telephone call this myopericarditis.

How long can you live with pericarditis?

It depends on the type of pericarditis as to life expectancy. In the instance of constrictive pericarditis of unknown cause, survival is over eighty% for 7 years while if the status is due to surgery, then it is only most 66%.

Which is worse myocarditis or pericarditis?

Myocarditis is a more serious condition while pericarditis is ofttimes a mild trouble that goes abroad on its own.

Can you fully recover from myocarditis?

If the problem is not besides serious so you tin can completely recover if y’all take myocarditis.

Does myocarditis permanently damage the heart?

It can lead to permanent damage if the myocarditis is severe enough as to put the person into centre failure.

How long does myocarditis have to heal?

It may have many months for a person to recover from myocarditis. This may depend on the cause and if this tin can be stock-still.

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Is myocarditis or pericarditis fatal?

Both atmospheric condition can be fatal if they are severe enough and in that location are cardiac complications.

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