Difference Between Pericarditis and Cardiac Tamponade

Pericarditis is a problem where the membranes known every bit the pericardium is inflamed. Cardiac tamponade is when at that place is a lot of fluid that has accumulated around the eye.

What is Pericarditis?


Pericarditis is when there is inflammation of the sac enclosing the heart.

Causes and hazard factors:

Pericarditis has many different causes. Sometimes information technology is a secondary development due to a person having cancer. It is ofttimes a event of issues similar middle attacks or even aortic dissection. Autoimmune diseases including sarcoidosis and systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) can result in pericardial inflammation. Having TB, or having had a prior eye problem are also hazard factors for pericarditis.


Blood tests in which values for white claret cells and cardiac markers of CRP and troponin are  examined can help with diagnosis. Imaging methods including CT scans and MRI of the chest area are also used for diagnosis of pericarditis. An ECG tin indicate changes in middle function that could be due to pericardial inflammation.


Symptoms of pericarditis are a sharp pain in the breast that may also be felt in the artillery. The pain is worse if a person coughs or takes in a deep jiff.


Pericardial complications include a build up of likewise much liquid around the heart. This leads to cardiac tamponade that can crusade decease if untreated.


Pain medicine and certain corticosteroids may work in treating pericarditis.Often the problem can be managed outside of a hospital. In astringent cases, hospital monitoring may become necessary, especially if complications go evident.

What is Cardiac Tamponade?


Cardiac tamponade is the condition in which the sac that surrounds the centre becomes filled with backlog fluid putting pressure level on the center and affecting its pumping ability.

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Causes and risk factors:

Ane of the master causes of cardiac tamponade is traumatic injury to the chest area. Some other reason a person may develop cardiac tamponade is if they accept pericarditis that worsens.


An echocardiogram can be used to diagnose cardiac tamponade. The symptoms, when taken together, also can indicate a potential trouble and lead a physician to suspect that tamponade may be happening.


Symptoms of cardiac tamponade include a low blood force per unit area and enlarged veins in the neck region. A doctor as well often hears decreased heart sounds when listening to the heart with a stethoscope. All three of the symptoms nosotros have mentioned here are known together as Beck’s triad.


The complications of cardiac tamponade include swelling of the lungs, an inability of the centre muscle to office properly and pump enough claret around the torso, eye failure, and death. Without treatment, cardiac tamponade will very likely, outcome in death.


Treatment of cardiac tamponade involves pericardiocentesis, where the fluid in the pericardium is removed by using a needle and catheter. Percutaneous airship pericardiotomy (PBP) is some other procedure in which fluid can exist drained from the pericardium via a thin tube.

Difference between Pericarditis and Cardiac tamponade


Pericarditis is the medical problem where the membranes surrounding the heart are inflamed. Cardiac tamponade is the condition where an excessive amount of fluid builds up in the sac that surrounds the heart.


There are several causative factors involved in pericarditis including having an autoimmune problem like sarcoidosis or an infection like TB. The causes of cardiac tamponade are pericarditis or traumatic injury to the chest region.

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The symptoms of pericarditis include sharp chest pain, specially when coughing or deep animate. The symptoms of cardiac tamponade include low blood pressure level, diminished heart sounds, and enlarged veins in the cervix.


Pericarditis is treated with pain medicine and corticosteroids. Cardiac tamponade is treated with pericardiocentesis or PBP.


Cardiac tamponade and death are complications of pericarditis. Cardiac stupor, cardiac failure, and expiry are complications of cardiac tamponade.

Bloodshed charge per unit

The chance of expiry from pericarditis is depression with a mortality ranging from 0.6% to about ane.1%. The chance of decease from cardiac tamponade is quite high, higher if information technology is due to cancer, with mortality at 75%. Mortality charge per unit from other causes for cardiac tamponade is about 13%.

Tabular array comparing Pericarditis and Cardiac tamponade

Summary of Pericarditis and Cardiac tamponade

  • Pericarditis is an inflammatory problem of the membranes forming the sac of the heart.
  • Cardiac tamponade is when there is as well much fluid in the pericardial sac, causing bug for the heart.
  • Both pericarditis and cardiac tamponade can potentially atomic number 82 to expiry.


How does pericarditis lead to cardiac tamponade?

Pericarditis is an inflammatory condition that causes an increase in claret flow to affected areas. This likewise causes an increment in fluid between the membranes of the pericardium, which in extreme cases, leads to cardiac tamponade.

What is the divergence between pericarditis and pericardial effusion?

Pericardial effusion is defined as an accumulation of fluid effectually the heart while pericarditis is the inflammation of the pericardium. Pericardial effusion frequently occurs as a complication of pericarditis.

Is constrictive pericarditis the aforementioned as tamponade?

No, constrictive pericarditis relates to the sac of the middle, the pericardium becoming thicker than usual and scarring may be evident Tamponade is when fluid accumulates between the membranes of the pericardium causing the eye difficulty in pumping.

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