Difference Between Acid Test Ratio and Current Ratio

Running whatsoever business concern is no walk in the park. While almost enterprises prioritize avails as a measure of success, liquidity is every bit of import. What is liquidity, y’all might inquire? This is how fast a company tin can convert assets into cash. However profitable an enterprise may be, non-liquidity is never a good sign. For example, if things go awry and the business needs some help, liquidity is one of the first things that creditors will need to know, alongside other factors such every bit profitability.

Luckily, knowing a concern’ liquidity level is non rocket science. Amid methods that are used to measure liquidity include the acid test ratio and electric current ratio methods. Allow’s talk over how these two ratios are derived and the differences between the two.

What is Acid Exam Ratio?

Also referred to as quick ratio, the acid examination ratio excludes inventory in the calculation of liquidity. This is because inventory is less liquid compared to other current assets, especially for businesses in the retail and manufacturing sectors. In almost instances, such enterprises have significant inventory which is the well-nigh valuable current nugget. This ratio only involves assets that are very liquid and tin be converted to cash in 90 days or less.

It takes into account cash and greenbacks equivalents, accounts receivable and marketable securities. Electric current liabilities used to summate the acid examination ratio include accounts payable, curt-term debts and other debts as well as accrued liabilities.

To summate the acid test ratio, subtract inventory from current assets and split by electric current liabilities. The acrid test ration provides a better liquidity position in comparison to the current ratio. While

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Companies that take an acid exam ratio of less than one are considered to be in a better fiscal position compared to those that take a ratio of less than 1.

What is a Current Ratio?

Also referred to as the working capital ratio, the current ratio is a measure out of a firm’due south power to pay short-term liabilities using current avails. On a company’s residuum sheet, the ratio represents the value of assets that tin can be converted to cash in ane year.

Some of the current assets used include accounts receivables, cash and cash equivalents, prepaid expenses, marketable securities and inventory. Current liabilities used include accounts payable, short-term debt and accrued liabilities.

To calculate the current ratio, current avails are divided past current liabilities. Similar to the acrid test ratio, companies that have a current ratio of less than one have fewer current assets compared to the liabilities. This means that the company would be considered as a financial risk by creditors since the chances of paying its short-term obligations are harder. Companies that have a current ratio of more than one are considered more liquid and stand a better chance of getting credit if need exist.

Similarities betwixt Acid test ratio and Current ratio

  • Both are used to determine the liquidity of

Differences betwixt Acid test ratio and Current ratio


Acid test ratio is a method of computing a company’s liquidity via current avails and excluding inventory. On the other manus, electric current ratio is a measure of a visitor’s liquidity that uses current assets.


While acrid test ratio is suitable for corporations that have a significant inventory amount, current ratio is suitable for all types of enterprises.

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To summate acrid examination ratio, decrease inventory from current assets and divide past current liabilities. On the other paw, to summate current ratio, divide current assets by current liabilities.


The acrid test ratio is more than stringent in the mensurate of a company’s liquidity. On the other paw, the electric current ratio is more relaxed in the measure out of a business firm’s liquidity.

Acrid examination ratio vs. Current Ratio: Comparison Tabular array

Summary of Acrid test ratio vs. Current ratio

Acid test ratio is a method of calculating a company’s liquidity via current assets and excluding inventory.  It is calculated by subtracting inventory from current assets and dividing it by electric current liabilities. On the other hand, electric current ratio is a measure of a company’s liquidity that uses current assets. Information technology is calculated past dividing current avails by current liabilities.


Why is the acid test ratio e’er lower than the electric current ratio?

This is considering an acrid test ratio of 1:1 is always preferable while the ideal current ratio of 2:i is preferable.

How exercise we translate a current ratio and acid exam ratio?

Anything more than 1 either in the electric current ratio or acid examination ratio shows that the company is liquid enough to pay its debts.

What is a typical instance of the difference between acrid test ratio and current ratio?

For a visitor that has current assets valued at $100,000 and current liabilities of $l,000, the electric current ratio is 2 or 2:i. This is derived by dividing the total current assets by the total current liabilities. For a company that has quick avails valued at $forty,000 and total current liabilities of $l,000, the acrid test ratio is 0.8 or 0.viii:1.

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Which is better current ratio or quick ratio?

The quick ratio is better since its more than stringent in determining a company’south liquidity.

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