Difference Between Adnexal Cyst and Ovarian Cyst

An adnexal cyst is when some type of cyst forms on the adnexa. An ovarian cyst is when a cyst forms on the ovary.

What is Adnexal cyst?


An adnexal cyst is when a cyst-similar structure forms on the adnexa of the ovaries or fallopian tubes. Adnexa is a general term for tissues that connect to or are on the ovaries or fallopian tubes.

Causes and adventure factors:

A hemorrhagic ovarian cyst or fluctuations in hormone levels tin sometimes atomic number 82 to a woman developing an adnexal cyst. Hormone replacement therapy (HRT) was once thought to exist a adventure gene. However, HRT does not appear to increase the risk of adnexal cyst based on a report washed in 1991. Risk factors for adnexal cysts tin include having a history of previous cysts and problems with hormones.


Diagnosis is usually by means of an ultrasound washed of the belly. An MRI is occasionally needed if the ultrasound does not requite a practiced plenty picture of the problem.

Symptoms and complications:

There are not e’er symptoms if an adnexal cyst is present. Symptoms of adnexal cysts are similar to those of ovarian cysts when nowadays. A adult female may feel pain or bloating. They may also have a feeling of fullness in the belly. A complication is that there is a slight risk a cyst can become malignant, simply information technology is rare.


An adnexal cyst on the fallopian tube is a problem because information technology is unlikely to go away on its own. In these cases, surgery is needed. Cysts on the ovary may not exist a trouble depending on size and where they are. Some ovarian cysts practise go away subsequently a few months.

What is Ovarian cyst?


An ovarian cyst is a fluid-filled sac that is institute in or on the surface of the ovary.

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Causes and risk factors:

Hormonal changes and imbalances can cause cysts to form on the ovaries. Gamble factors for ovarian cysts, besides hormone issues, also include having polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS), endometriosis, or a pelvic infection. If you accept had a problematic ovarian cyst earlier so you at increased risk for information technology happening again.


A cyst can exist diagnosed with an X-ray, CT-browse, and ultrasound. An ultrasound gives a ameliorate motion-picture show of a cyst than the former two imaging methods.

Symptoms and complications:

A small functional cyst may have no symptoms and usually such cysts practice just go away after a menstruation of time. However, larger ovarian cysts can pose a problem and they oft cause unpleasant symptoms like pain in the lower abdomen and pain in the back. The abdomen may as well be  very bloated and the person feels full quickly after eating food. Large cysts can have complications similar ovarian torsion or they may burst and bleed causing issues such as internal infections and irritation.


Pocket-size ovarian cysts often go abroad after a while, often after a few menstrual cycles. However, much larger cysts may demand more treatment such as surgical removal. Surgery may exist done laparoscopically or, for very large cysts, open up surgery may be needed.

Departure between Adnexal cyst and Ovarian cyst


An adnexal cyst is a fluid-filled sac institute on either the ovaries, the fallopian tubes, or tissue connected to these organs. An ovarian cyst is a cyst found on or in the ovary.

Organs affected

Adnexal cysts can be establish on the fallopian tubes, ovaries, and continued tissues. Ovarian cysts occur only on or in the ovaries.

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A hemorrhagic cyst or changes in hormones could cause an adnexal cyst to form. An ovarian cyst tin can class considering of endometriosis or PCOS, or other hormone problems.


Symptoms of an adnexal cyst include pain in the back or abdomen and bloating. Ovarian cysts have symptoms such as pain in the lower abdomen and dorsum.


The treatment options for an adnexal cyst depend on where it is located, with fallopian tube cysts needing to be always be removed by surgery. Ovarian cysts may only demand to be removed surgically if they are big or problematic.

Table comparing Adnexal cyst and Ovarian cyst

Summary of Adnexal cyst and Ovarian cyst

  • An adnexal cyst and ovarian cyst both affect the female reproductive organs.
  • Adnexal cysts can touch on the ovaries merely as well the fallopian tubes and connective tissue that attaches to both organs.
  • An ovarian cyst is a blazon of adnexal cyst.
  • In both the case of an adnexal cyst and ovarian cyst, surgery may be required to remove the cyst.


Is an adnexal cyst an ovarian cyst?

An adnexal cyst can sometimes refer to a cyst on the ovary but information technology can also refer to a cyst on the fallopian tube.

Is Adnexa and ovary the same?

No, adnexa is a general term that includes both ovaries and fallopian tubes and their associated connective tissues.

What is an adnexal ovarian cyst?

An adnexal ovarian cyst is a cyst that forms on the tissue of the ovary.

Is an ovarian cyst an adnexal mass?

An ovarian cyst is also classified as an adnexal mass. However, the term adnexal mass is more than general in that information technology can also include cysts and masses found on other reproductive structures such every bit the fallopian tubes.

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